There are numerous factors that you must evaluate when setting up a telecommunications network in your business premises. One of the important elements is the cabling designed to transmit the signals across the network. The specific cables selected will determine the reliability of the connections, so it is critical to compare the options and identify the most ideal match.
The data cable products in the telecommunications market are different in terms of brand, quality and type of data transmitted to consider for installation in your property. However, these can be categorised into three major groups: twisted pair, coaxial and fibre optic. Here is a brief descriptive comparison of these cable types to help you decide on the right fit for your business.
The twisted pair cabling is ideal for commercial telecommunications and computer networks. This type of product consists of individual copper wire cores, and each is individually insulated using a plastic jacket. These wires are then twisted together to create a single cabling unit for installation. This design is favourable because it reduces the general electromagnetic interference from the surroundings. In simple terms, one of the wires carries the data signals and the other is utilised as ground reference.
This mode of transmission ensures that interferences are recognised by comparing the transmissions through the two wires. You can choose shielded or unshielded twisted cables for your premises. The former is ideal for long distance transmission because it has extra resilient insulation against electromagnetic radiation. The unshielded cabling is ideal for short distance transmission within the building, such as in local area networks or video applications in security setups.
The coaxial cable is designed to transmit the electric data signals via an internal conducting wire. This component is fabricated using solid copper or even copper plated steel wire. The internal conductor is surrounded using an insulating layer to protect the signals. Additionally, the cable is covered using a metallic shield and a plastic jacket to prevent leakage of the signal and interference by electromagnetic radiation. The coaxial design is favourable because it limits signal degradation during transmission. You can use this type of cabling for computer network connection, video transmission, digital audio applications and distribution of cable signals.
The optical fibre cable transmits data in form of optical signals through total internal reflection. This is the most reliable design because it is not vulnerable to electromagnetic radiation and is suitable for long-distance and high-speed connections. Unfortunately, the cost of purchase and installation is high, limiting small businesses.
For more information, contact One Step Ahead Communications or a similar company.